Vocational training

Vocational training in 20 new professions will be offered in Vietnam

The General Directorate of Vocational Training plans to offer training in 20 new trades in Vietnam.

Truong Anh Dung, General Manager of Branch

The agency recently held a meeting on guidelines for vocational education in the future.

Truong Anh Dung, director general of the Branch, pointed out that vocational education includes students at primary, middle and junior college levels, but also workers in the labor market.

Vocational education must be well organized to produce skilled workers who meet the demands of the digital age. Among the 55 million workers, only 24.5% have degrees and certificates, according to a report.

Dung said the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) is developing a strategy on vocational education which will be submitted to the prime minister for approval this month. It is expected that the scale of vocational education will double or triple in the future and that 20 new trades will be added to the training curriculum.

There are 1,908 schools and training centers in the vocational education system, including 900 colleges (3-year training) and colleges (2-year training), and 1,000 continuing education centers.

Regarding the scale of training, the system welcomes 2.2 million students each year. Of these, only a quarter follow regular education in middle schools or junior colleges, while the rest follow the mode of continuing education.

Currently, 24.6% of workers are trained workers. Vietnam wants to increase the proportion, but the current scale of vocational education cannot do so.

“About 2.2 million workers who receive training every year is a very low number for a country with 55 million workers and 100 million people,” Dung said, adding that in Australia, one person in four is in vocational training.

“We plan to double the scale of vocational education in the next five years and three times in the next 10 years,” Dung said.

He said vocational education in the immediate future would follow a model with quality classifications.

There will be a group of high quality trainees, and some will be qualified enough to keep pace or even surpass their counterparts in developed countries.

“We are going to train 20 trades and professions that will serve the economic development of tomorrow. These professions do not exist in today’s job market,” Dung said.

To achieve this, the general management is restructuring the network of vocational education establishments.

As for the criticism that Vietnam has too many vocational schools, Dung said it has nearly 1,900 vocational schools and almost 100 million people, while Australia has 28 million. inhabitants but 2,400 establishments.

The typical feature of Vietnam’s vocational education system is that most are state-owned. The objective is to reduce the number of public establishments, merging inefficient establishments and increasing the number of private establishments.

The general management is developing a new strategy, including one on improving workers’ skills.

In addition to producing more high-quality workers, Dung said Vietnam should provide vocational training in rural areas, to ethnic minorities and the poor.

Solutions are also needed for the reform of curricula, teaching staff and senior managers; and improving facilities in schools.

According to Dung, the value of vocational education and worker skills will contribute to increased productivity and competitiveness.

Vu Xuan Hung, director of the Regular Training Department, said the vocational education system aims to catch up with other countries but also to overtake them in some professions.

He said vocational education should help workers master 4.0 technologies in their careers.

“They may have different trades, but all trades relate to technology. Our idea is to equip them with technological knowledge that will help them meet the requirements of all fields of activity and all professions,” he said.

Thanh Hung

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Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), the German development agency, in cooperation with the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training of Vietnam and the departments of disabled workers and social affairs in eight cities