AMMAN — The demand from university graduates for
professional training is increasing considerably in the context of a growing number of unemployed graduates and the persistent problem of the incompatibility of educational results with the needs of the labor market.
Without real plans and projects to address this worrying challenge, the number of unemployed university graduates will continue to rise, deepening poverty, according to labor market watchers.
Hayat Abdul Raheem, 30, who studied medical analysis and graduated from the university of jordan in 2014, says Jordan News that “I applied through the Civil Service Bureau, waited a long time and couldn’t find a job”.
“After that, I joined the Vocational Training Corporation to be trained in management, and started my little project which eventually provided me with a livelihood,” she added.
If she hadn’t taken this “smart step”, she said, “I might still be unemployed”.
Mahmoud Abu Jafar, who studied to become an engineer and graduated in 2019, said Jordan News that “I went to vocational training as soon as I graduated, because I knew I wouldn’t find a job right away, so I preferred to acquire skills and experience”.
According to him, “companies and employers require new graduates to have experience in order to hire them, and this is perhaps one of the biggest and most important reasons for high unemployment rates”.
“Experience comes after work, and if there aren’t enough job opportunities, how can we get experience? Maybe the only solution is to get vocational training to improve your skills and gain experience, and look for a job after that,” he noted.
Abu Jafar pointed out that “the culture of shame constitutes an obstacle for those who want to follow professional training, because the dominant belief is still that young people, once they graduate from university, must work in their specialization and for a salary within reason”.
However, university graduates are not the only ones turning to vocational training. Young men and women who have been unable to pursue higher education, due to difficult economic circumstances, are also turning to it in hopes of finding employment.
Rana, 29, who works as a hairdresser, said Jordan News that “vocational training was the best choice I made when I lost hope of being able to pursue a university education and find a job that suited me”.
Not having the financial means to pursue university studies, “despite my love and my passion for studies, I stopped learning in 10th grade”.
“I had a great hobby in hairdressing and everything related to hair and makeup, and a friend of mine suggested that I take professional training to improve my skills in this area, which I did,” she said.
Now she works “in one of the most well-known salons and is putting money aside, little by little, so that I can finish my university studies in the future or open my own business”.
According to the head of the Workers’ House, Hamada Abu Nijmeh, however, “the tendency of holders of university degrees to undergo training in vocational training institutions remains low”.
While there are 130,000 graduates from universities, middle colleges and other educational programs each year, there are only 35,000 to 40,000 job opportunities in the private and public sectors each year, did he declare.
Abu Nijmeh said students should choose their undergraduate majors carefully and strive to acquire professional skills, enrolling in different courses “so that they can enter the job market and keep up with the times.” market needs”.
Ministry of Labour Spokesman Jamil Al-Qadi, university graduates, “having discovered that the market needs specific skills, in addition to university degrees, are turning to vocational and technical training to acquire the necessary skills”.
Proof of this is that the number of certificate holders enrolling with the Vocational Training Corporation “has increased year on year,” said Qadi, who noted that the Vocational training company provides guidance to pupils and organizes periodic visits to all schools in the Kingdom during the months of August, September, February and March.
Mohammad Baker, director of a private vocational training centre, said Jordan News that a small group of university graduates “wants to completely change course and undergo vocational training in order to acquire certain skills”.
He added that “young people who have specialized in engineering and alternative energy sources, in particular, are taking training courses to improve their practical experience.”
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