Research development

China sets up research development lab for its space program

China has just set up its deep space exploration laboratory, Taindu, in the Chinese province of Anhui. The unit will conduct scientific, technological and engineering research to support the country’s ambitious plans to become a full-fledged space power, as well as to encourage international partnership projects.

Currently, the National Space Administration of China (CNSAin English acronym) I have just reported that the Taindu laboratory will serve as a facility for large-scale basic scientific research, adding another element to the country’s space force.

The Tianwen-1 mission to Mars consists of a lander, a Zhurong rover and an orbiter (Image: Reproduction/Natural Astronomy)

CNSA chairman Zhang Kejian said the new unit will support upcoming missions targeting China’s planetary exploration program and the development of research stations. International Lunar Science Station (ILRS) Setting up a defense system against asteroids.

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It should be noted that China signed the agreement with Russia to develop ILRS. unity. “The lab is open to the world, it’s an open platform,” said Wu Weiren, chief designer of China’s lunar exploration program, adding that the country hopes to attract international talent to the lab.

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The Taindu laboratory opened in February, thanks to a partnership between the CNSA, the local government of Anhui and the University of Science and Technology of China. The unit, another of China’s milestones in expanding its space exploration capability, will have a branch in Beijing, the country’s capital.

Lunar sample brought by the Chang’e 5 mission in 2021 (Photo: Reproduction/CNSA/GRAS/NAOC)

In 2020, the country launched its first interplanetary mission to Mars, Tianwen-1. Last year, China brought 1.7kg of samples from the moon with the Chang’e 5 mission – the first lunar samples in more than 40 years. The next steps for the lab will be to perform the detection of these missions.

Meanwhile, China is preparing its next lunar missions: Chang’e 6, with the aim of collecting samples from the other side of the moon. And the Chang’e 7, which will study the south pole of the moon. Both are slated for launch in 2024. The Chang’e 8, slated for launch in 2027, will study the use of resources available on the lunar surface, as well as testing technologies such as 3D printing.

China also plans to launch a Mars sample return mission in 2030 and send a probe to the Jupiter system. In addition, the state also wants to send a mission to collect asteroid samples and study a comet, as well as launch a pair of space probes to understand the “nose” and tail of the heliosphere, which are among the points furthest from the solar system.