ANSBACH, Germany (February 3, 2022) – September 2022 will mark the first time in the history of United States Army Garrison (USAG) Ansbach that graduates of the host nation school will have the opportunity to complete a training program dual vocational training, called “Duale Ausbildung”, which is translated here as apprenticeship.
On average, the Host Nation (HN) workforce in US Army garrisons in Europe is aging dramatically. As an analysis of the Human Resources Department of USAG Ansbach shows, the average HN employee here is 49 years old. Over the next seven years, one-fifth of HN’s workforce will retire. This will leave the garrison with a shortage of skilled and skilled personnel.
At the same time, the job market in Germany is very competitive and skilled workers are very hard to find. A recent study by the German Competence Center for Skilled Workers (KOFA) showed: “There is a shortage of around 65,000 skilled craftsmen nationwide. In southern and northwestern Germany in particular, skilled trades are urgently looking for personnel.
At USAG Ansbach, as part of an initiative to attract young HN employees, a German native job training program will begin this fall. In cooperation with the local chamber of commerce, the dual vocational training system (Duale Ausbildung) – will be implemented.
Based on the centuries-old tradition of craftsmen’s trades, guilds and associations, the modern system of dual vocational training is characterized by on-the-job training, supplemented by vocational education. The training company teaches the
trainees, Auszubildende or Azubis, as they are commonly called, three to four days a week “on the job”, while the vocational school provides the academic theoretical courses one or two days a week and supplements the training in the company, all over a period of two to three years. This dual training system is not limited to private companies, but is also common throughout the German public sector.
The big advantage of this system is that the Azubis are integrated into the daily work processes of a company from the start of their training. They learn their trade from experienced trainers within the company from scratch. Trainers are usually experienced and respected employees, who teach and mentor Azubi to become valuable and beneficial members of the company.
The German government touts the dual training system on its website, https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/aktuelles/erfolgsmodell-duale-ausbildung-1674226: “The training system in Germany is a model of success. He plays a key role in ensuring that Germany has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the European Union.
The strict regulatory requirements to qualify as an eligible training organization are also typical for Germany. The business or agency must register with the local Chamber of Commerce (IHK).
As IHK Nürnberg explains: “The basis for in-company vocational training is the Vocational Training Act (BBiG) and the corresponding Training Ordinance. All the skills, knowledge and abilities specified therein must be imparted during the planned training period. According to the IHK, “Azubis can only be hired and trained if the training center is suitable for vocational training in terms of type and equipment, and if the number of trainees is in a reasonable proportion compared to the number of skilled workers employed (usually two to three skilled workers per trainee).
At USAG Ansbach, Garrison Workforce Development Specialist Uwe Wagner is leading efforts to introduce the Azubi program. After obtaining the necessary registration with the Chamber of Commerce (IHK), USAG Ansbach appointed and certified its own trainers.
Wagner is looking forward to the first two training positions (Ausbildungsstellen) to be advertised on the Civilian Personnel Online (CPOL) website. “We are going to recruit two Azubis for office clerks (Kaufmann/Kauffrau für Büromanagement).”
Wagner continues: “For this initial project, two reasons were decisive; the immediate availability of certified trainers in the white collar profession and the need for young professionals in the white collar professions in the near future due to mandatory retirements of current employees.
All Garrison Directors have attended a training briefing, as the Azubi will work in each direction for several months to familiarize themselves with the various operations. Ideally, they will accept a position of their individual interest after graduating from the program in approximately three years.
USAG Ansbach positions can be found on the HN portion of the CPOL website and encourage fresh graduates to apply for this first opportunity.
About the dual training system in Germany:
Dual vocational training combining in-company on-the-job training and vocational training was not the result of conscious planning. For a long time, in-service education and vocational education developed independently of each other. The dual principle of vocational training was first stated in the Gewerbeverordnungsnovelle “(amendment of trade regulations) of 1897. In 1923 the term “vocational school” was introduced in Prussia. The term “dual system” of Vocational training was not invented until 1964. by the German Board of Education and Training, which writes an “expert report on vocational training and the school system.” In 1969, the law on vocational training gave a decisive impetus to work-study vocational training.