More and more university graduates have turned in recent years, in a context of financial crisis and high unemployment, to the studies offered by vocational training institutes (IEK), hitherto relatively shunned.
Research conducted by the Center for Educational Policy Development of the General Confederation of Greek Workers (KANEP-GSEE) has shown that, compared to ten years ago, the number of professionals who seek to improve their skills while holding a college degree nearly quintupled.
Specifically, in 2020, 23.9% of IEK graduates had previously studied at a university or technical college (TEI), while in 2012 the corresponding percentage was 5.2%.
Of these 23.9% in 2020, 4.8% hold a master’s or doctoral degree compared to 0.5% in 2012. The 10 specialties most in demand are cooks, hoteliers, beauticians, childcare workers, physiotherapists, hairdressers, bakers-confectioners, sports coach, pharmacy assistant and computer applications technician.
IEK graduates said that the criteria governing their choice of specialty were the improvement of their broader social skills, the acquisition of more formal qualifications, specialization in their vocation, but also easier access to the labor market. job.
As the number of those who have completed their higher education and sought further training in an IEK has increased, the average age of IEK students has also increased in parallel. According to the data, the average age of IEK graduates is 33.1, significantly higher than 28.1 in the 2012 survey.
The drop in the percentage of graduates who are single and still living with their parents (from 71.3% in 2012 to 36.4%) is also revealing.
At the same time, there has been a significant increase in the number of those declaring themselves married, with their percentage among IEK graduates increasing by 137.5%.
Friends and social networks in general remain the main means by which graduates managed to find a job, although these rates are lower in the 2020 survey compared to that of 2012, leaving room for other routes. such as announcements, the submission of a CV but also participation. in county competitions. This last route to employment has increased from 4.1% in 2012 to 17.1% in 2020 due to the resumption of recruitment in the public sector.