According to the Philippine Institute of Development Studies (PIDS), financial constraints and poor internet connection are among the major factors preventing young Filipinos from pursuing vocational training.
In a study titled “Who are the NEET (Not in Education, Employment or Training) youth in the Philippines today?”, a research team led by PIDS President Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr., found that the absence or lack of tuition and stipend is the main barrier to vocational training.
The study found that 47.5% of respondents said they had no funds for tuition or stipend to pursue technical and vocational training.
“Allowance support is also the most frequently cited support for encouraging participation in training among young people. The lack of stipends for trainees was highlighted in interviews with training providers as a barrier to training participation,” the researchers said.
“While Tesda (Technical Education and Skills Authority) already offers a per diem in all of its scholarship programs, Tesda may consider reviewing its stipends in light of this information,” they added.
The data showed that 35.3% of respondents said they had no tuition funds for a professional course while 34.2% said they had no funds for professional courses. ‘allocation.
Some 11% of respondents said they had household chores or care while 10% said they were working or looking for work, preventing them from taking technical and vocational training.
The data showed that 8.1% said they did housework; 5.3% said they had family responsibilities; 5.8% said they were working; and 5.2% said they were looking for work.
However, the data showed that 35.6% said they had no barriers to taking technical or vocational training, while 12.6% said they lacked information about these programs.
“With the survey being conducted during the pandemic and the training in online mode, poor or no internet connection is the challenge most frequently cited by those undergoing training. Additionally, issues with digital devices are also highlighted,” the researchers said.
“The same issues were highlighted in interviews with training providers. The shift to distance learning must take into account the access issues of the target TVET beneficiaries,” they added.
The data showed that more young women in the country were dropping out of school to become inactive. The researchers said that the incidence of NEETs in women is almost double that of men.
The study showed that while more men leave school or training earlier than women, a smaller proportion of female school leavers move into the labor force and employment and a larger proportion move on. to inactivity.
The data showed that more than three in five NEETs, or 62.6%, are women. In particular, female NEETs aged 20-24 make up the largest NEET subgroup at 46.5%, followed by male NEETs aged 20-24 at 22.9%.
The incidence of NEET among married women was 67.4% and 44% among separated women. Separated women include those whose marriages have been divorced or annulled.
“In contrast, the incidence among other subgroups is less than 15% and is lowest among married men (at) 9.2%. This suggests that marriage is a major factor for being NEET among young people. women,” the researchers said.
The PIDS study found that home carers were overwhelmingly made up of NEET women, but a much lower proportion of NEET men.
The data showed that 56.6% of NEET women are between 15 and 19 years old, while 63.6% are between 20 and 24 years old.
“Although they stay in school longer than young men, when they leave school, many of them are economically inactive. Our initial analysis suggests that marriage is a major factor in young women’s inactivity. There is a need to better understand the underlying reasons so that it can be addressed effectively,” they said. 30
Picture credits: Nonie Reyes